What Causes Abdominal Pain? Treatment & Relief
I will talk about 6 causes of back pain and stomach pain. Are you experiencing lower back pain that radiates to your abdominal area? Stomach and back pain often go hand-in-hand. Stomach pain is very common among people who
suffer from chronic lower back pain. Either your back and stomach pain have a single cause, or the two symptoms are unrelated. So how are you supposed to tell the difference? If you’ve been experiencing back pain for years, but
the pain only recently spread to your abdomen, it could be a cause for concern. Sometimes pain in the back and stomach indicates a medical emergency. Here are the 6 causes of back pain and stomach pain. 1. Peptic Ulcer. A
peptic ulcer is an open sore on the lining of your stomach or small intestine. One of the most common causes of ulcers is the long-term use of aspirin and NSAIDs such as ibuprofen and naproxen. Symptoms of a peptic ulcer include. burning stomach pain . bloating or full-feeling . pain after eating spicy or fatty foods . heartburn . nausea .
2. Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS). IBS is a common condition affecting the large intestine. The large intestine has muscles that expand and contract during digestion, allowing food to move through your system. Abnormally fast or intense muscle contractions can cause cramping around the stomach and back. Other signs of IBS include. gas. bloating . diarrhea . constipation .
3. Pancreatitis. Your pancreas is an organ in your upper abdomen. It has a number of important functions, including insulin production. This condition can come on suddenly or progress slowly over the course of many years. Without treatment, pancreatitis can cause a number of serious complications. Other signs and symptoms include. pain in the upper abdomen that radiates to your back. pain that is worse after eating . nausea, fever, losing weight without trying, vomiting .
4. Gallstones. Your gallbladder is a small pear-shaped organ on the right side of your abdomen. It contains a digestive fluid called bile that helps your body break down fats. Gallstones happen when certain components of bile start to harden and accumulate into little pebbles. Other signs of gallstones include. pain in between your shoulder blades, nausea, vomiting.
5. Infection. Pain in the back and stomach is sometimes the result of an infection in the kidneys or urinary tract. Urinary tract infections happen when bacteria enter your body through the urethra and begin growing out of control. Without treatment, these infections can spread to one or both kidneys. Your kidneys are located in the abdomen, near your back.
Kidney infections can cause permanent damage and even become life-threatening, so if you think you have one, get yourself to a doctor ASAP. Signs of a kidney infection include: pain in the lower back on one or both sides. pain in the abdomen, fever. frequent urination or persistent urge to go.
6. Referred Pain. Referred pain happens when you feel pain in one part of your body, but the pain is actually coming from someplace else. The classic example of this is people who feel pain in their left arm rather than their chest during a heart attack. When you pull a muscle in your lower back, nerve fibers send messages telling your brain that your tissue has been damaged. Sometimes your brain gets these signals mixed up, which can cause you to experience pain someplace else, like your abdomen. Other signs of a strained or sprained back include. muscle spasms, tenderness in the lower back.
Abdominal pain is a broad subject, but if someone is concerned about a specific disease such as diverticulitis, the pain usually is acute. More often than not it is a pain centered to the lower abdomen, more commonly or not, the left
side of the abdomen. We call it the left lower abdominal quadrant. That is an area where most the diverticula usually occur. It is an area where the bowel is somewhat narrow and a little curved and when diverticulitis occurs, develops,
which means inflammation within the diverticula, and the pain will be or can be quite s
evere and can also be mild. Patients may develop a change in the bowel pattern, they may become constipated, and they cannot eliminate the
stools as well they may even feel bloated. Sometimes the pain is quite intense when the patient is doubled over. Sometimes the patient can have a fever with chills, a sign of an infection. What diverticulitis really is, the definition, is
perforation that means a little hole that could be small, does not have to be large, in one of the diverticula or in several diverticula. So in the space, the area of the colon where these are located, things become narrow, swollen,
we call it edema. Pus can collect and that is called abscess and therefore patients can be quite ill, they need to be seen promptly. Many cases of diverticulitis tend to be mild, mild in the sense that patient can be seen by a physician
as an outpatient, evaluated, diagnosis established and be treated with antibiotics. The specific way to make the diagnosis is not only the clinical presentation. The clinical finding is the need to do an x-ray, a CT scan with contrast
of the abdomen focussing in the area where the pain is present. Now that does not mean that you cannot have diverticulitis in other segments of the colon. It could be at the right side, it could be at the mid-portion of the
transverse colon. As I said previously, the left side of the colon, the sigmoid colon, is the predominant site where diverticulitis develops. Abdominal pain is a broad symptom. It is caused by many conditions so it is important for the
physician to know how to proceed and differentiate, what we call established differential diagnosis or in another condition, it could be a catastrophe of something is leaking into the abdomen. There could be another abscess.
There could be a perforated appendix and so and so, that is why prompt evaluation, proper x-ray studies, and laboratory studies as well and then proceed with treatment and followup.
Chest infections are very common, especially during autumn and winter. Although most are mild some chest infections can be life-threatening. The main symptoms that could indicate a chest infection are a persistent cough,
coughing up yellow or green phlegm or mucus, wheezing or shortness of breath, chest pain or tightness, a high temperature or fever, a rapid heartbeat, a headache, muscle aches and pains, generally feeling ill and tiredness.
Acute bronchitis which is often a viral infection and pneumonia which is often a bacterial infection are the two main types of chest infections. Viral and bacterial chest infections have overlapping symptoms but pneumonia causes
more severe symptoms while acute bronchitis symptoms are milder and usually get better within a week you may have pneumonia if you experience shortness of breath chest pain in one place when breathing in high fever or you’re
feeling very ill. How to treat a chest infection. There are plenty of things you can try at home to help remedy a chest infection. Firstly make sure to get plenty of rest to give your body a chance to recover. Drinking lots of water is also
important not only does this keep you hydrated but it also helps loosen mucus so it’s easier to cough up. To help lower your fever and relieve headaches and muscle pains you can try taking painkillers such as paracetamol or
ibuprofen. Elevating your head and chest at night with extra pillows can help clear your chest of mucus. if you’re asthmatic or have another lung condition use your inhaler to relax the muscles in your airwaves. One quick and easy
remedy for your chest infections you can try at home is making a cup of hot lemon and honey simply boil a kettle and pour hot water into a mug cut a lemon in half and squeeze into the mug making sure to keep the seeds out then
add one or two tablespoons of honey to the mixture and stir well drink this while warm to help soothe your chest infection you might also want to try gargling warm salty water.
Peter is 58 years old. A few months ago he has started to notice a pain in what he calls “the stomach”. It began with a poorly defined discomfort, but now it’s a dull, continuous pain that lasts throughout the day, and is not relieved by antacids. John is 52 years old After a few months noticing discomfort in the upper abdomen, he has begun to have
nausea and vomiting every time he eats a normal amount of food. Because of that, he is losing a lot of weight, and other people are noticing it. Watch the full video, and learn to distinguish all the symptoms of stomach cancer, so that if you or any of your relatives suffer from it, you can suspect it as soon as possible! Let’s see the video! Stomach
cancer is one of the malignant tumors that usually wins us the game. Although it takes time noticing its symptoms, the person who suffers it, usually delays consulting with a doctor. Let’s start with those symptoms produced by the
cancer directly in the stomach. It is a pain that begins as a nuisance, poorly defined, and poorly localized in the abdomen. It’s similar to the feeling of indigestion, or the abdominal disturbance of people with gastritis. Over time it’s accentuated, and tends to be located in the central part of the belly, just below the ribs. Unlike the pain of a gastric or
duodenal ulcer, the pain due to stomach cancer doesn’t usually change significantly neither with food ingestion nor with taking antacids. When stomach cancer is located in the region of entry of food from the esophagus to the
stomach, an area called cardia, the tumor can hinder the entry of food we have eaten, producing two symptoms: Symptom 1: We can note that, when swallowing food, these food get stuck in the chest. When this happens, we will
have to swallow water to help the bolus get into the stomach. Bitter waters may start coming to the mouth. This gastroesophageal reflux appears because stomach cancer is very close to the lower esophageal sphincter, which can cause it to incompletely close. When this happens, food with gastric juices can escape from the stomach
upwards, towards the esophagus, causing the acid reflux. When stomach cancer is located at the pylorus, which is the region of the stomach that drives food into the small intestine, it may obstruct or even close this natural outlet of the gastric content. If the exit is obstructed, when we have enough food in the stomach it detects that gastric content
will not be emptied. Therefore it informs the brain so that it triggers the sensation of nausea and starts the vomiting reflex. It will take place then the contraction of the stomach wall, causing the expulsion of the food with gastric juices
upwards, into the esophagus and mouth. We’ll vomit what we have ingested. The less common variety of stomach cancer is the diffuse variety, which affects the entire stomach, not just one of its parts. If the entire stomach is
infiltrated by tumor cells, its wall distensibility decreases. When we start taking food, the stomach with this type of tumor does not distend properly, so it’s full too soon. This filling communicates to the brain the satiety sensation, so
the person with this type of gastric cancer stops eating. Either because of a stomach ache, or because food is stuck when it enters the stomach, or because of the vomit, or because stomach fits little food, the person with gastric cancer begins to eat fewer calories. Gradually the person with stomach cancer will get thinner and thinner. Because
the tumor can break the stomach lining and thus a blood vessel, either from the stomach or from the tumor itself, the person with stomach cancer may start bleeding without knowing it. It is what´s called “upper gastrointestinal
bleeding”. When bleeding is minor, symptoms won’t be noticed. But if bleeding is constant and with certain intensity, it may appear an anaemia, with the progressive fatigue that goes with it. Depending on the destination of this blood,
and on the bleeding intensity, the person with stomach cancer may realize the bleeding, due to the presence of one or both of these signs: If the elimination of that blood is done through the mouth, the person will vomit gastric content
mixed with blood. This is called “hematemesis”. If the elimination of that blood is done through the anus, the person who’s bleeding from the stomach due to gastric cancer may see the stools are black. The black stools are called “melena”. We have seen the symptoms that can cause stomach cancer. But what happens when the tumor escapes
the stomach? Lets find out! When the tumor is already out of the stomach, it may be because it has escaped through one or more of these three ways: The tumor breaks peritoneum and goes to the abdominal cavity The tumor
escapes through the lymphatics Or the tumor enters the blood stream. Let’s see where each of these three ways lead! When the tumor grows, it can break out the stomach wall. This rupture causes gastric cancer cells fall into the
peritoneal cavity, and swimming in peritoneal fluid they end up settling on the surface of any abdominal viscera. Groups of cells can join and grow. These peritoneal implants can cause peritoneal irritation that will be perceived as
symptoms of peritonitis, with diffuse abdominal pain. The growth of multiple tumor implants on the peritoneal surface is called “peritoneal carcinomatosis”. The stomach cancer cells that are dispersed by the peritoneum may also colonize the liver in its outer zone, irritating the capsule that surrounds it. Due to the irritation caused by these
implants, it may appear a localized pain in the upper right abdomen. If tumor implants are placed in the outside wall of the small intestine, they can cause cessation of transit of intestinal contents, because of the compression of the
tube from the outside. They produce a partial bowel obstruction, or a complete intestinal obstruction. Although not exclusive of stomach cancer, as it can appear in many tumors of the abdominal and pelvic viscera, when tumor cells
travel to the navel they can settle there, originating lumps called “nodules of Sister Mary Joseph” . These lumps are clearly seen from the outside. Usually, they are a sign that the cancer is in an advanced stage. Stomach cancer cells,
when choosing the lymphatic route to escape the body, tend to accumulate first on the lymph nodes surrounding the stomach itself. Because of this accumulation of tumor cells, some symptoms can appear or become more pronounced, as a decreased capacity of the stomach and early satiety, and even nausea and vomiting From the lymph
nodes close to the stomach, tumor cells can spread to more distant lymph regions, like the one situated behind the pancreas and peritoneum, and the region of the side of the aorta. If they are located in this area, most often they do not cause symptoms, but seldom they can cause painful nerve compression of neighboring structures, such as the
celiac plexus. The cells of stomach cancer can enter the bloodstream because, within cancer itself, some cells penetrate a blood vessel after breaking its wall. Once in the blood, these stomach cancer cells can stay anywhere in
the body, causing various symptoms depending on their location. The most common sites where stomach cancer that has escaped the blood can cause metastases are the liver, brain, and lungs. Liver Metastases: When stomach cancer cells go to the liver and begin to grow, they begin to crush healthy liver cells. If broken, liver contents, which
are transaminases, will be poured into the bloodstream. This will increase their blood concentration (as detected in a blood test). If rapidly growing stomach cancer cells compress small channels within the liver that bile uses to travel,
it can accumulate. This increases the indirect bilirubin concentration in the blood, which may condition that the skin gets a yellow tone. This phenomenon is called jaundice. Brain Metastases: When groups of tumor cells start growing
within the brain, they can form metastases, that will become increasingly large. By pushing neighboring neurons, these neurons begin to function in an altered way, and therefore two types of symptoms may occur: irritative
symptoms, in which neurons fire pushed uncontrolled flashes: for example, we can have epilepsy, convulsive crisis or not; or deficit symptoms, in which some neurons stop working and their work is not done: we can have a loss of
mobility, loss of vision, lose feeling in any area of the body, and so on. In both cases, if there is plenty of tumor in the head, as there is not enough room for so many cells because the skull is a closed cavity with a single large outlet,
we can start having headaches. These headaches will gradually go up in intensity and frequency. Lung Metastases: When tumor cells choose to live within the lungs, they usually form separate groups, therefore appearing multiple
metastases. If they suppress enough lung function, difficulty breathing (a symptom called “dyspnoea”) can appear. If they touch a breathing tube (bronchus or their branches), they can irritate them, appearing a very annoying dry
cough. If lung metastases are placed near a blood vessel, they may break it, pouring a little blood with coughing. As you can see, stomach cancer can cause the appearance of many signs and symptoms. Let’s summarize them!
Symptoms that stomach cancer can cause are: In the stomach itself: Most often abdominal discomfort appears, which will become abdominal pain. If stomach cancer is located at the entrance of the stomach, it can cause difficulty passing food from the esophagus to the stomach, or gastroesophageal reflux may appear. If the cancer is
at the outlet of the stomach into the small intestine, the person with stomach cancer may have nausea and vomiting when eating. When diffuse stomach cancer affects the entire gastric body, it can cause early satiety, so the person
will eat less. Following eating less will come weight loss, which is accentuated when the cachexia-anorexia syndrome develops, even if the patient eats enough calories with the food. If the stomach lining breaks down,
bleeding will start, appearing black stools or vomiting with blood, in addition to, if bleeding is important, anemia with the progressive fatigue it involves, if not corrected. In the lymphatic drainage regions: Most often early satiety is accentuated, and even nausea and vomiting get worse. It is very rare, but abdominal pain can appear if
the retroperitoneal nerve plexus is affected. In the rest of the body: If gastric cancer breaks the stomach wall and escapes through the peritoneum, it can produce: Pain in the liver area, Abdominal pain if peritonitis occurs, due to peritoneal carcinomatosis, Bowel obstruction if implants compress the wall of the small intestine. The appearance on
the belly button of “nodules of Sister Mary Joseph” If it spreads using the bloodstream, most often: there will be an increase in transaminases or indirect bilirubin concentrations that puts us yellow (a phenomenon called jaundice) if the liver is affected; Epileptic seizures or neurological deficits can occur, if the brain is affected; Or we can suffer
cough, hemoptysis or dyspnea if metastases are located in the lungs. It is very important to know the symptoms of stomach cancer because early detection of stomach cancer is the best https://www.medicinenet.com/abdominal_pain_causes_remedies_treatment/article.htm